Glossary and concepts

ClassificationMethod of structuring a defined type of item (objects or documents) into classes and subclasses in accordance with their characteristics. 
IdentificationDetermine what something is. Able to recognize something or someone and be able to express who or what they are.
Properties: Characteristical distinction.

Classes, identification and properties

1. CCS Concepts
CCS Domains

"CCS Identification is used for identifying occurrences and types of objects. (...) In order to distinguish between the domains for the individual classes of objects, a top node in the form of a letter in square brackets “[]” is used." CCS Identification (R7) - EN-version.
All definitions are from the Concept catalog at ccs.molio.dk.

[A] Activity Space
Brugsrum
Activity space
Space defined by the spatial extension of an activity.
[B] Built Space
Fysisk rum
Built Space
Space defined by built or natural environment or both, intended for user activity or equipment.
[C] Construction Complex
Bebyggelse
Construction complex
Aggregate of one or more construction entities intended to serve at least one function or user activity.
[D] Construction Aid
Materiel
Construction Aid
Physical object used in processes on a construction site to produce results that are not intended to be included in the final result. (Translated.)
[E] Construction Entity
Bygværk
Construction Entity
An independent unit of the built environment with A characteristic spatial structure, intended to serve at least one function or user activity.
[G] Construction Agent
Aktør
Description missing.
[L] Construction Element
Bygningsdel
Construction Element
Constituent of a construction entity with a characteristic technical function, form and/or position.
[P] Construction Product
Byggevare
Description missing.
[R] Construction Process
Proces
Proces
Course of action that creates a result. (Translated.)
[S] Storey
Etage
Description missing.
[U] Document
Dokument
Document
Information and the accompanying medium.
[Z] Zone
Afsnit
Description missing.
CCS Classes and codes

Classes and codes are divided into three main tables.
All definitions are from the Concept catalog at ccs.molio.dk.

Functional System
Funktionelt system
Functional System
Construction element with characteristics which represents a general inherent function. CCS Classifying Construction elements
Technical System
Teknisk system
Technical System
Construction element with characteristics which represents a coherent technical solution with an inherent function.
Component
Komponent
Component
Construction element with characteristics which represents a basic technical solution with an inherent function.
CCS Space definitions and classes
All Space definitions are from the Concept catalog at ccs.molio.dk.
Space Classes are from Use of space (R1) [EN]. Only classes from the Functional System table are displayed.
See also Rumanvendelse (R1) [DK] and Håndtering af rum (R0) [DK].

Space Definition

Space
Rum
Space
A limited three-dimensional extent defined physically or notionally.
Activity space
Brugsrum
Activity space
Space defined by the spatial extension of an activity.
Built space
Fysisk rum
Built space
Space defined by built or natural environment or both, intended for user activity or equipment.

Space Classes

A?? - Space for human needs and human activity
Rum til menneskeligt behov og virke
Use of spaces (R1)
Space designed for human dwelling and activity.
C?? - Storage space
Rum til opbevaring
Use of spaces (R1)
Space designed for storage of materials, equipment and organisms.
D?? - Rooms for technical systems
Rum til tekniske systemer
Use of spaces (R1)
Space designed for active technical equipment.
E?? - Space for infrastructure
Rum til infrastruktur
Use of spaces (R1)
Space designed to create links between activity spaces.
Z?? - Undefined
Ikke defineret
Use of spaces (R1)
Space with no defined use.
CCS Identification

All definitions are from the Concept catalog at ccs.molio.dk.

# Single Level ID
Produkt-ID
Product-ID
Identifies an object regarded as an individual object. CCS identification factors
- Multi Level ID
Sammensat produkt-ID
Multi-level product-ID
Identifies an object as a part of an assembly whole.
% Type ID
Type-ID
Type-ID
Identifies a project specific group of objects within the same class.
§ Multi Level Type ID
Sammensat type-ID
Multilevel_Type-ID
Identifies a project specific group of objects within the same class as a part of a project specific group of objects within the same class.
= Functional ID
Funktions-ID
Function-ID
Identifies an object as a part of a functional whole.
+ Location ID
Placerings-ID
Location-ID
Identifies a place.
CCS Classes of properties

All definitions are from Klasser af egenskaber (R0) [DK] and are translated.
"CCS Classes of properties are used to sort properties in classes."

A - Administrative
A - Administrativt
Properties related to structure and organization.
B - Agreement
B - Aftale
Properties related to services, supplies and conditions between the parties.
C - Functionality
C - Funktion
Properties related to the purpose, use and function.
D - Performance
D - Ydeevne
Properties related to capacity.
E - Material and product
E - Materiale og produkt
Properties related to constituents material.
F - Form
F - Form
Properties related to shape.
G - Placement
G - Placering
Properties related to localization.
H - Economy
H - Økonomi
Properties related to valuation and management and use of money.
J - Time
J - Tid
Properties related to the temporal relationship.
K - Experience
K - oplevelse
Properties related to subjective and emotional conditions.
L - Health and safety
L - Sundhed og sikkerhed
Properties related to risk for people and nature.
M - Relation
M - Relation
Properties related to an objects relation to its surroundings.
P - Production
P - Produktion
Properties related to activity and action.
Q - Quality
Q - Kvalitet
Properties related to actions and results of whether the acceptance are met.
R - Maintenance
R - Vedligeholdelse
Properties related to maintenance.
CCS Properties
All definitions are from the Property database. The properties belong to property group A - Administrative .

CCS Actual Use Class Code
CCS Aktuel anvendelse
CCSActualUseClassCode
Code indicating the actual use according to CCS Classification.
CCS Class Code
CCS Klassifikationskode
CCSClassCode
Code for the class the object belongs to according to CCS classification.
CCS Classification
CCS Klassifikation
CCSClassification
Topnode and code for the class the object belongs to according to CCS classification.
CCS Combined Type-ID
CCS Sammensat type-ID
CCSMultiLevelTypeID
Identifies a projectspecific group of objects within the same class as a part of a projetcspecific group of objects within the same class.
CCS Designed Use Class Code
CCS Planlagt anvendelse
CCSDesignedUseClassCode
Code indicating planned use according to CCS Classification.
CCS Functional-ID
CCS Funktions-ID
CCSFunctionalID
Identifies an object as a part of a whole in a functional context.
CCS Location-ID
CCS Placerings-ID
CCSMulitiLevelLocationID
Identifies a location.
CCS Multilevel-ID
CCS Sammensat produkt-ID
CCSMultiLevelID
Identifies an object percieved as a part of a physical whole.
CCS Single Level-ID
CCS Produkt-ID
CCSSingleLevelID
Identifies an object percieved as an independent object.
CCS Topnode
CCS Topnode
CCSTopnode
Identifies the general class of objects the objects belongs to.
CCS Type-ID
CCS Type-ID
CCSTypeID
Identifies a projectspecific group of objects within the same class.
Location in relation to construction element
Placering i forhold til bygningsdel
CCSSingleLevelLocationOnID
Identifies a location in the form of a reference to another construction element.
Location in relation to spaces
Placering i forhold til sted
CCSSingleLevelLocationAtID
Identifies a location in the form of a reference to a space, zone, storey or construction entity.
Name of actual use
Navn for aktuel anvendelse
CCSActualUseName
Name corresponding to the code for the actual use of the object.
Name of Class
Navn for klasse
CCSClassName
Name of the class the object belongs to in CCS classification.
Name of designed use
Navn for planlagt anvendelse
CCSDesignedUseName
Name for the designed use of the object.
Object Name
Objekt navn
CCSObjectName
Name of the instance specified in the Single level ID of the object.
Type Name
Typenavn
CCSTypeName
Name of the type specified in the Type_ID of the object.
2. Classification systems, supported by spine
Cuneco Classification System - CCS Cuneco Classification System - CCS
Publisher: Cuneco - center for produktivitet I byggeriet
Description: "CCS gives the construction industry a common language and methods for establishing unambiguous exchange of information through the entire construction process from idea to operation." CCS Identification (R7) - EN-version
Klassificering byggdelar byggdelstyper total - BSAB Klassificering byggdelar byggdelstyper total - BSAB
Publisher: Svensk byggtjänst
Description: "BSAB-systemet är till för att alla inom byggsektorn ska kunna tala samma språk. På så sätt undviker du misstag och det blir färre fel. Misstag och fel kostar årligen en avsevärd summa pengar som skulle kunna användas på bättre sätt." BSAB
BIM7AA BIM7AA
Publisher: BIM7AA
Description: "BIM7AA TYPE CODNING is a simpel and operational code structur for building components based on consultant requirements and experience in design and planning, danish building norms and "best practice" from complex to manageable BIM projects." BIM7AA
SfB Samarbetskomitén för Byggnadsfrgor - SfB
Publisher: Bygg-AMA
Description:
Forvaltnings klassifikation Forvaltnings klassifikation
Publisher: Landsbyggefonden
Description: "Forvaltnings Klassifikation forholder sig specifikt til forvaltning og tager udgangspunkt i de arbejdsmetoder, der anvendes i forvaltning af ejendomme." Forvaltnings klassifikation

3. Glossary

Application
spine
Is a CAD tool connected with a spine project .
Classification
CCS Concept catalog: Classification
"Method of structuring a defined type of item (objects or documents) into classes and subclasses in accordance with their characteristics."
Component
CCS Concept catalog: Component
"Construction element with characteristics which represents a basic technical solution with an inherent function."
Construction element
CCS Concept catalog: Construction element
"Constituent of a construction entity with a characteristic technical function, form and/or position."
Construction model
CCS Concept catalog: Construction model
"The model of a construction entity."
Content
Autodesk knowledge: Select Content for a Revit Installation
spine
"Revit content (...) may include the following: Project templates , Family templates, Libraries of Revit families, IES files and Lookup tables."
spine content is Types , Instances and spine Properties in a spine project .
Document
spine
Is a file assigned a spine Project . See documents in a project.
Family
Autodesk knowledge: About Families
"A family is a group of elements with a common set of properties, called parameters, and a related graphical representation."
"Different elements belonging to a family may have different values for some or all of their parameters, but the set of parameters (their names and meanings) is the same. These variations within the family are called family types or types ."
There is three types of families: system families, loadable families, and in-place families.
System Families
Autodesk Knowledge: About the Different Kinds of Families
"System families create basic elements that you would assemble on a construction site.
Examples: Walls, roofs, floors, ducts and pipes.
System settings, which affect the project environment and include types for levels, grids, drawing sheets, and viewports, are also system families.
System families are predefined in Revit. You do not load them into your projects from external files, nor do you save them in locations external to the project."
Loadable Families
Autodesk Knowledge: About the Different Kinds of Families
"Loadable families are families used to create the following:
Building components that would usually be purchased, delivered, and installed in and around a building, such as windows, doors, casework, fixtures, furniture, and planting
System components that would usually be purchased, delivered, and installed in and around a building, such as boilers, water heaters, air handlers, and plumbing fixtures
Some annotation elements that are routinely customized, such as symbols and title blocks.
Because of their highly customizable nature, loadable families are the families that you most commonly create and modify in Revit. Unlike system families, loadable families are created in external RFA files and imported, or loaded, in your projects."
In-Place Families
Autodesk Knowledge: About the Different Kinds of Families
"In-place elements are unique elements that you create when you need to create a unique component that is specific to the current project. You can create in-place geometry so that it references other project geometry, resizing or adjusting accordingly if the referenced geometry changes. When you create an in-place element, Revit creates a family for the in-place element, which contains a single family type."
Family Category
Autodesk Knowledge: About Family Categories
"Select the family category based on how the family is classified in the industry, that is, how the part is ordered from a manufacturer."
GUID
spine
A Globally unique identifier.
IFC
BuildingSMART: IFC Overview summary
"Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) are the open and neutral data format for openBIM."
"The IFC specification is developed and maintained by buildingSMART International as its 'Data standard'. Since
IFC4 it is accepted as ISO 16739 standard."
Instance
Autodesk knowledge: About Families
"When you create an element in a project with a specific family and family type, you create an instance of the element. Each element instance has a set of properties, in which you can change some element parameters independent of the family type parameters."
An instance is also used for a Single Level ID that identifies an object regarded as an individual object.
License
spine
Licenses allow spine users to use the spine plugin for Revit , and are managed within spine companies .
License pool
spine
Is a pool of licenses with a specific license type and time limit. Spine companies can have multiple pools.
License type
spine
Types of licenses . See license types at https://projectspine.com
Parameter
Autodesk knowledge: Parameters
"Parameters store and communicate information about all elements in a model. Parameters are used to define and modify elements, as well as to communicate model information in tags and schedules."
Shared Parameter
Autodesk knowledge: Shared Parameters
"Shared parameters are parameter definitions that can be used in multiple families or projects.
Built-In Parameter
Autodesk knowledge: Built-In Parameters
"The Revit Platform API has a large number of built-in parameters. Built-in parameters are defined in the Autodesk.Revit.Parameters.BuiltInParameter enumeration. The parameter ID is used to retrieve the specific parameter from an element, if it exists, using the Element.Parameter property."

Autodesk knowledge: Shared Vs. Project Parameter Usage in Revit
Autodesk knowledge: Common Family Parameters
The Difference
"Shared and Project Parameters are an important concept in Revit which can cause confusion to new users. Technically, Revit contains Built-in, Family, Shared and Project Parameters.
  • Built-In Parameters are those which can be scheduled out of the box.
  • Family Parameters are not scheduled, but may help drive parametric changes within a family and are also visible in the instance and type properties of a family.
  • Shared and Project Parameters are used when you want to schedule or tag something that is not included out of the box (i.e., a custom parameter)."
Pre-classification
spine
Add classification and properties to Loadable Families and Templates , so it already contains the information when used in projects.
See how to add pre-classification with the pine plugin for Revit.
Property
CCS Concept catalog: Property
"Characteristical distinction."
A number of default spine properties are available in spine plugin for Revit and in spine projects .
Property Data Element
CCS Concept catalog: Property Data Element
"Constituted by a property name and the associated property value."
Property Name
CCS Concept catalog: Property Name
"Indicates the subject of the property."
Property Set
CCS Concept catalog: Property Set
"A selected set of properties. A Property Set groups a range of properties which in combination are used for a specific purpose."
Property Value
CCS Concept catalog: Property Value
"The value corresponding to a property name."
Property Value List
spine
Is a list with values users can pick from.
An example can be a FireRating list with all Fire classes. The list will ensure consistency in values, since users pick, and not type in values. A list will eliminate that two identical values are written differently, such as: REI 60 and REI60. This also makes it easier to filter, search and arrange the data later.
Purpose Grouping
Cuneco
"Purpose grouping contains the information related to a particular subject generally expressed as functional requirements, performance and product, which in turn can be expressed by the location, shape, energy, time, quantity, etc., in relation to the construction element and activity space."
Revit File
Autodesk knowledge: Revit file types
"RTE (template) files and RVT (project) files are actual Revit projects. The difference between the two is that the template is used to start a new project. When you click on Save, you will not be allowed to overwrite the template file, but you will be prompted for a new file."
Revit project or model
spine
Is a Revit project file , containing building elements. Revit project files can be assigned to a spine project .
Ribbon
spine
Is the menu in Revit, for selecting functions.
Rooms
Autodesk knowledge: Rooms
"Create rooms in a plan view with the Room tool, or add them to a schedule to be placed in the model later."
Room Calculation Point
Autodesk knowledge: Modify the Room Calculation Point
"Modify the Room Calculation Point, to make a family room-aware and adjust its room orientation, enable and move the Room Calculation Point."
Spaces
Autodesk knowledge: Spaces
"Place spaces in all areas of the building model to store values used for performing heating and cooling load analysis on the building model."
spine Company
spine
Is a company in the spine Portal , containing all company spine projects and company users .
See spine Company details.
spine Desktop & Viewer
spine
Is a locally installed browser identical to the spine Portal . It enable the connection between the spine plugin for Revit and the spine Portal cloud. Users must be logged in to the spine Desktop & Viewer, for the Revit plugin to work.
See spine Desktop & Viewer.
spine plugin for Revit
spine
Is the plugin for Autodesk Revit. It provide the user with a Ribbon in Revit, with spine functions.
Functions are available depending on whether the current Revit file is assigned a spine Project , and what role the spine User has in the spine Project.
See spine plugin for Revit.
spine Portal
spine
Is a cloud Portal identical to the spine Desktop & Viewer, where users access their spine projects and project content .
See spine Portal.
spine Project
spine
Is a project in the spine Portal . All project content is stored in the cloud and can be synchronized across Revit files assigned to the project.

There are five types of spine Projects, a TRIAL project, EDUCATION projects and three commercial projects: SMALL, MEDIUL and LARGE.
The commercial projects vary in amount of data - Types and Instances - and number of users associated with the project.
NOTE: Projects can always be upgraded to bigger projects.
TRIAL € free.
Is a 30-days trial project with no data amount limit.
NOTE: TRIAL project cannot be used commercial.
EDUCATION € free.
Education projects can be individual or group projects. The projects are associated with study e-mails and can be used throughout the study period.
Education projects has no data amount limit.
NOTE: EDUCATION projects cannot be used commercial.
COMMERCIAL € see website for accurate prices www.projectspine.com.
Data amount SMALL MEDIUM LARGE
  • Types:
  • Instances:
  • Number of users:
150
-
1
300
5.000
5
1.000
10.000
10
spine Properties
spine
spine has a number of default properties, several of which are based on standards, CSS and IFC . While others are spine's own. Aditional, users can create project specific properties in spine projects .
spine roles
spine
User Positions can have multiple roles.
Project Owner or Family type This Role enables the User to edit Project information, Manage User Positions and read all data in the Project.
Project Administrator This Role enables the User the highest level of Rights in the project.
Project Manager This Role enables the User to Edit Project information, Properties, Parameters, Property Value Lists, Objects and Property Values and Manage User Positions in the Project.
Type and SubType Manager This Role enables the User Rights to view project data and to create, edit and delete Types, SubType and Instance objects and their Property Values.
SubType Manager This Role enables the User Rights to view project data and to create, edit and delete SubType and Instance objects and their Property Values.
BIM Manager This Role enables the User additional Rights to Manage Documents/Models in the Project and enables the Spine Management tools in Autodesk Revit.
Project Member This Role enables the User basic Rights to create, view, edit and delete project data like Objects and Property Values.
External User This Role enables the User to read Project information, Properties, Parameters and Property Value Lists. This does NOT give the rights to Read Objects in the Project.
spine User
spine
Is a personal user profile. Users are always attached to a spine Company .
Synchronization
spine
Synchronize property values between a spine project and a Revit file . Define synchronization settings in the spine project. Set values to be uploaded, downloaded or both.
Properties can also be set to be required in Revit. The property will appear as red in Manage Properties and the property will be assigned when using Assign Properties in Revit.
System Tray
spine
Is the system and program information, showed in the lower right corner of a computer(PC).
Template
Autodesk knowledge: Project Templates
"A project template provides a starting point for a new project, including view templates, loaded families, defined settings (such as units, fill patterns, line styles, line weights, view scales, and more), and geometry, if desired."
Templates can be pre-classified .
Types This help site refers to five defferent types: Revit Types, CCS Types, CCS MainTypes, CCS SubTypes and spine Types.
Revit Type or Family type
Autodesk knowledge: About Families
"Different elements belonging to a family may have different values for some or all of their parameters, but the set of parameters (their names and meanings) is the same. These variations within the family are called family types or types."
CCS Type This type is a Type-ID . CCS types can be created in the spine Portal and in the spine plugin for Revit , and can be linked with multiple Revit Types.
CCS MainType This type is the same as a CCS Type.
CCS SubType A CCS SubType is also a CCS Type, but a SubType of the CCS MainType.
Spine type A spine type link a CCS Type to a specific Revit type. A CCS Type can be associated with several spine types and thereby link the CCS Type with several Revit Types.
User Position User Positions are associated with spine Projects and represent the participants that may be in the project. User Positions are assigned Roles, that defines the Positions rights in the project.
Spine Users are added to the Positions.
See the 6 types of Roles.

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